• Neisya Neisya
Keywords: Politics, Gulliver’s Travels, and Satire.


This study objectives were to find out the influence of the England political history and how Swift used the symbol of satire to criticize political situation. Qualitative method with descriptive approach was used in this study. Techniques for collecting the data were done through following: reading and observing the novel of Gulliver’s Travels, scanning and finding the information of some history of English Literature books and history books, and looking for the information related to the study of the literary theory books to get theories and references as supporting research in this study. M.H. Abrams Theory was used in finding and analyzing this study. The result of the study showed that satire was used by Swift to criticize political and social situation. It was reflected in the story of Gulliver’s Travels. For example, Swift criticize the British government by using the Lilliputians.


Abrams, .M. H. (2010). The Mirror and the Lamp: Romantic Theory and the Critical Tradition. Washington, D.C.: Oxford University Press.

Abrams, M. H. (2015). A Glossary of Literary Terms/ 11th Edition. Washington, D.C.: Earl McPeek.

Alexander, M. (2000). A History of English Literature. London: McMillan Press.

Archives, G. H. (2009). Political History. Politics in the 18th century. Retrieved from http://www.gunstonhall.org/library/guides/Politics18thCentury.pdf.

Aristotle. (2004). Politics. New York: Cambridge University Press

Carruthers. (2008). Politics and markets in the English financial revolution. New York: Princeton University Press

Child, P., & Fowler, R. (2013). A Dictionary of Modern Critical Terms. New York: Routledge

Eagleton, T. (2013). How to Read Literature. Washington: Yale University Press

Ingle, S. (2008). The British party system. New York: Routledge.

Peck, J., & Coyle, M. (2002). A Brief History of English Literature. New York: Palgrave.

Kutha, N., & Ratna. (2004). Teori, Metode, dan Teknik Penelitian Sastra. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

Merton. (2003). What is Politics. New York: Cambridge University Press

Moll, L.C. (2003). Vygotsky and Education: Instructional Implication and Applications of Socio-historical. New York: Cambridge University Press

Parsons, T. (2013). The Structure of Social Action: A Study in Social Theory with Special Reference to a Group of Recent European Writers. New York: The Press.

Rawson, C. (2010). Politics and Literature in the Age of Swift. New York: Cambridge University Press

Roberts, V. E., & Jacobs, E. M. (2003). An introduction Reading and Writing. Washington: Prentice Hall

Rogers, N. D. H. (2008). Eighteenth-Century English Society. New York: Oxford University Press.

Rogoff, B. (2003).The culture nature of human development. New York: Oxford University Press

Scholes., & Robert. (2005). Structuralism in Literature an Introduction. Washington: Yale University Press.

Swift, J. (2008). Novel Gulliver's Travels. New York: Waldman Publishing Corp.

Travelyan, G. M. (2012). History of England. New York: Longmans, Green & Co., Inc.

Wellek, R., & Warren, A. (2004). Theory of Literature. New York: Harcourt, Brace and Company.
How to Cite
Neisya, N. (2019). POLITICAL HISTORY IN 18th CENTURY OF GULLIVER’S TRAVELS BY JONATHAN SWIFT. Jurnal Ilmiah Bina Bahasa, 11(1), 42-56. Retrieved from http://journal.binadarma.ac.id/index.php/binabahasa/article/view/436
Abstract viewed = 71 times
PDF : 617 times