The Journal Management, Business, and Accounting p-ISSN 2086-5090, e-ISSN: 2655-826 Vol. 21, No. 3, Desember 2022

  • Fifian Permata Sari university of baturaja
  • Munajat Munajat Universitas Baturaja
Keywords: determination, rubber farmers, middleman

Abstract

Residents in Ogan Komering Ulu (OKU) Regency on average have a livelihood as rubber farmers. The phenomenon that appears in OKU Regency today is that there are still many farmers who sell their rubber to middlemen around the rubber factory. This is of course interesting to study, because of that factories were established aimed at helping rubber farmers in terms of marketing rubber. The problem raised in this study is what factors affect farmers around the factory, especially those who sell their rubber to middlemen, not rubber processing factories. This study aims to analyze the factors that influence farmers to sell their rubber to middlemen around the rubber factory in OKU Regency. In Lubuk Raja District there is a rubber processing factory and it is the only rubber processing factory in OKU Regency. The research was carried out in February 2022. The research method used is a case study method where Lubuk Raja District is the only location for a rubber processing factory in OKU and is considered a case unit. The sampling method used is the multistage sampling method. From a population of 257 rubber farmers in Lubuk Raja District, Ogan Komering Ulu Regency, 120 farmers were sampled using the Slovin formula. The research data collection was carried out using a questionnaire containing a list of questions addressed to rubber farmers in Lubuk Raja District, OKU Regency. The data used are primary data and secondary data. Based on the results of research and analysis conducted, it is certain that the factors that determine farmers selling their rubber to middlemen are bokar prices (X1), kinship relations (X2), and loan funds from middlemen (X3). Based on the results of the analysis, it is certain that the local government will continue to motivate farmers to try to sell their rubber at a rubber processing factory as a means of marketing rubber in OKU Regency.

 

Keywords:determination, rubber farmers, middleman

 

Abstrak

Penduduk di Kabupaten Ogan Komering Ulu (OKU) rata-rata memiliki mata pencaharian sebagai petani karet.  Fenomena yang muncul di Kabupaten OKU saat ini adalah masih banyaknya petani yang menjual karetnya pada  tengkulak di sekitar pabrik karet.  Hal ini tentu saja menarik untuk diteliti, karena didirikannya pabrik olah karet ditujukan untuk membantu petani karet dalam hal pemasaran karet.  Permasalahan yang diangkat dalam penelitian ini adalah faktor-faktor apa saja yang mempengaruhi petani karet  di sekitar pabrik, mayoritas menjual karetnya justru kepada tengkulak, bukan ke pabrik pengolahan karet. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi petani menjual karetnya kepada tengkulak di sekitar pabrik karet di Kabupaten OKU. Penelitian ini dilakukan di Kecamatan Lubuk Raja, dimana penentuan wilayah dilakukan secara sengaja (Anto) mengingat daerah ini merupakan sentra karet di Kabupaten OKU. Di Kecamatan Lubuk Raja terdapat pabrik pengolahan karet dan merupakan satu-satunya pabrik pengolahan karet  di Kabupaten OKU. Penelitian dilaksanakan pada bulan Februari 2022.  Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah metode studi kasus dimana Kecamatan Lubuk Raja sebagai satu-satunya lokasi pabrik pengolahan karet di OKU dan dianggap sebagai satuan kasus. Metode penarikan contoh yang digunakan adalah metode multistage sampling atau pengambilan sampel bertahap. Dari sebanyak 257 populasi petani karet di Kecamatan Lubuk Raja Kabupaten Ogan Komering Ulu diambil sampelnya sebanyak 120 petani dengan menggunakan rumus Slovin. Pengumpulan data penelitian dilakukan menggunakan kuisioner berisi daftar pertanyaan yang ditujukan pada petani karet di Kecamatan Lubuk Raja Kabupaten OKU.  Data yang digunakan adalah data primer dan data sekunder.  Berdasarkan hasil penelitian dan analisis yang dilakukan, dapat disimpulkan bahwa faktor-faktor yang menjadi determinan petani menjual karetnya kepada tengkulak adalah harga bokar (X1), hubungan kekerabatan (X2), dan dana pinjaman dari tengkulak (X3). Berdasarkan hasil analisis, dapat direkomendasikan kepada pemerintah daerah untuk tetap memotivasi petani karet agar berusaha menjual karetnya pada pabrik pengolahan karet sebagai sarana pemasaran karet di Kabupaten OKU.   

Kata kunci:Determinan, petani karet, tengkulak

References

Antoni, M., & Tokuda, H. (2019). A determinant of marketing system choice by rubber smallholders in Indonesia. Bulgarian Journal of Agricultural Science, 25(4), 702–709.

Ardhiyan, S. 2018. Socio-Economic Factors Affecting Farmers Selling Bokar Through

Auction and Non Auction Markets in Bungo Regency. Journal of Agribusiness and Local Wisdom. Vol 1, No.1.

Central Bureau of Statistics. 2020. OKU in Figures. Baturaja.

Central Bureau of Statistics. 2020. South Sumatra in Figures. Palembang.

Central Bureau of Statistics. 2015. Ogan Komering Ulu in Figures. BPS OKU South Sumatra.

Duangsathaporn, K., Pramomsin, P., Omule, Y., Palakit, K., Lumyai, P. 2020. Development of a Manual for Rubber Plantation Owner and Rubber Wood Consumers in Thailand for Obtaining International Forest Management Certification. The International Conference on Materials Research and Innovation (ICMARI). IOP Conf Series : Materials Science and Engineering 773 (2020) 012050. https://doi:10.1088/1757-899X/773/1/012050

Erni, N., Maarif, M. S., S.Indrasti, N., Machfud, M., & Honggokusumo, S. (2012). Price and Demand Forecasting Models in Rubber Supply Chain Technical Specifications Using Artificial Neural Networks. Jurnal Al-Azhar Indonesia Seri Sains Dan Teknologi, 1(3), 116. https://doi.org/10.36722/sst.v1i3.49

Gapkindo, 2020. Gapkindo South Sumatra Asks Factories to Continue to Accept Rubber From All Sources. www.apkindo.org/april-2020.html. accessed 3 October 2021.

Hardani. 2020. Qualitative and Quantitative Research Method. CV. Pustaka Ilmu Group. ISBN.978-623-7066-33-0. Mataram.

Hasibuan, U. R., Lubus, A., & Farida, A. (2014). Factors Affecting the Comparison of Rubber Farmers’ Prices in Selling Kareng to Auction Markets with Non Auction Markets in Muhajirin Village, Jambi Subdistrict, Outer City, Muaro Jambi Regency. Sosio Ekonomika Bisnis, 17(2), 63–71.

Herbert, A. Simon (1982). Administrative Behaviour, A Study of Decision. Penerjemah PT Bina Aksara. Jakarta.

Iskandar, D., Royani., Suratno, T. 2017. Factors Associated with Farmer Groups Selling Bokar to Collector and Non-Gathering Merchants in Jujuhan District, Bungo Regency. Scientific Journal of Business Socio-Economic Vol. 1 No. 2.

Iskandar, D., Rosyani, & Suratno, T. (2017). Factors Related To The Decision Of Farmers To Sell Processed Rubber Materials To Collectors And Non Collectors In Jujuhan District, Bungo Regency. Jurnal Ilmiah Sosio-Ekonomika Bisnis, 20(2), 1–12.

Kurniawan, I., Sayamar, E., Yulida, R. 2021. Analysis of The Relationship of Individual Characteristic with Self Help Rubber Farmers Communication Network in Lubuk Terentang Village. Journal of Agribusiness and Community Empowerment. Vol.4 No.1 hal 1-15. http://doi.org/10.32530/jace.v4il.189

Ningsih, D. S., & Harahap, L. M. (2017). The Influence Of Rubber Selling Price On The Work Motivation Of Rubber Farmers In Kotapinang District, Labuhanbatu Selatan Regency. Jurnal Plans : Penelitian Ilmu Manajemen Dan Bisnis, 12(1), 22–27.

Pamungkas, D. A., & Siregar, S. (2021). Analysis of the Factors Influencing the Income of Rubber Farmers in Hayup Village, Haruai District, Tabalong Regency. Jurnal Ilmu Ekonomi Dan Pembangunan, 4(1), 180–196. http://www.ufrgs.br/actavet/31-1/artigo552.pdf

Plantation Office of South Sumatra Province. 2019. Annual Report. South Sumatra Province.

Purba, F., Rochdiani, D., & Wulandari, E. (2020). Comparisson of Rubber Smallholder Revenue which Sold Raw Rubber Material at Auction Market and Non Auction Market at Sembawa Sub-District Banyuasin Distric South Sumatera Province. Jurnal Penelitian Karet, 38(1), 75–84. https://doi.org/10.22302/ppk.jpk.v38i1.666

Richard, I Levin. 2010. Era Baru Manajemen. Salemba Empat. Jakarta.

Saputra, A. (2018). Socioeconomic Factors Affecting Farmers Selling Bokar Through Auction Markets and Non-Auction Markets in Bungo District. Journal of Agribusiness and Local Wisdom, 1(1), 49–58.

Siswandi, Yurisinthae, E., & Kusrini, N. (2018). Analysis of Marketing Channels for Processed Rubber Materials in the Foreman District, Landak Regency. Journal of Social Economic of Agriculture, 7(April), 54–61.

Seli, U. M., Badrudin, R., & Romdhon, M. M. (2020). Crumb Rubber Auction System at KUD Berkat, Muara Enim District, South Sumatera Province. Jurnal AGRISEP: Kajian Masalah Sosial Ekonomi Pertanian Dan Agribisnis, 19(1), 167–176. https://doi.org/10.31186/jagrisep.19.1.167-176

Syarifa, L. F., Agustina, D. S., & Nancy, C. (2013). Evaluation of Processing and Quality of Raw Rubber Material at Smallholder’s Level in South Sumatra. Jurnal Penelitian Karet, 31(2), 139–148. https://doi.org/10.22302/jpk.v31i2.141

Syarifa, L. F., Agustina, D. S., Nancy, C., & Supriadi, M. (2016). Low Rubber Prices Impact on Socio Economic Condition of Rubber Smallholders in South Sumatera. Jurnal Penelitian Karet, 34(1), 119–126. https://doi.org/10.22302/jpk.v0i0.218

Published
2023-01-07
How to Cite
Sari, F., & Munajat, M. (2023). The Journal Management, Business, and Accounting p-ISSN 2086-5090, e-ISSN: 2655-826 Vol. 21, No. 3, Desember 2022. MBIA, 21(3), 299–309. https://doi.org/10.33557/mbia.v21i3.2018
Section
Articles
Abstract viewed = 18 times
pdf : 18 times